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Now We Know: Assessing Sexual Assault Criminal Justice Case Processing in an Urban Community Using the Sexual Assault Nurse Practitioner Evaluation Toolkit

Valentine, Julie L. PhD, RN, CNE, SANE-A; Shaw, Jessica PhD; Lark, Alyssa BSN, RN; Campbell, Rebecca PhD

doi: 10.1097/JFN.0000000000000115
Case Reports

ABSTRACT Campbell and colleagues developed an evaluation Toolkit for use by sexual assault nurse examiners (SANEs) to assess criminal case outcomes in adult sexual assault cases seen by SANE programs (Campbell, Townsend, Shaw, Karim, & Markowitz, 2014; Campbell, Bybee, et al., 2014). The Toolkit provides step-by-step directions and an easy-to-use statistical program. This study describes implementation of the Toolkit in Salt Lake County, the first site outside the pilot sites to utilize the program. The Toolkit revealed that, in Salt Lake County from 2003 to 2011, only 6% of adult sexual assault cases were successfully prosecuted. These findings prompted multiple community discussions, media attention, and a call to action to improve the investigation and prosecution of adult sexual assault cases. The primary purpose of this case report is to encourage other SANE teams and communities to use the Toolkit by sharing the successful experience of Salt Lake County in implementing the Toolkit.

Video Abstract available for additional insights from Dr. Valentine (see Supplemental Digital Content 1,

Author Affiliations: 1Brigham Young University College of Nursing, Duquesne University School of Nursing; 2Boston College School of Social Work; 3Salt Lake Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners; and 4Department of Psychology, Michigan State University.

Source of funding: Julie L. Valentine received a small grant ($1500.00) from Brigham Young University College of Nursing in 2013 to complete the study. The two research assistants each received mentoring grants (ORCA grants) from Brigham Young University of $1500.00 to compensate them for their time.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's web site (

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Correspondence: Julie L. Valentine, PhD, RN, CNE, SANE-A, 532 SWKT, Provo, UT 84604. E-mail:

Received December 18, 2015; accepted for publication May 13, 2016.

© 2016 by the International Association of Forensic Nurses. All rights reserved.
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