Original ArticlesWomen in Transition to Health A Theory-Based Intervention to Increase Engagement in Care for Women Recently Released From Jail or PrisonColbert, Alison M. PhD, PHCNS-BC; Durand, Vanessa PhDAuthor Information Author Affiliations:1Duquesne University School of Nursing, and 2Duquesne University School of Education. This work is supported by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Nurse Faculty Scholars Program. The authors declare no conflict of interest. Correspondence: Alison M. Colbert, PhD, PHCNS-BC, Duquesne University School of Nursing, 600 Forbes Ave., 520 Fisher Hall, Pittsburgh, PA 15282. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Received December 3, 2015; accepted for publication January 7, 2015. Journal of Forensic Nursing: January/March 2016 - Volume 12 - Issue 1 - p 19-25 doi: 10.1097/JFN.0000000000000102 Buy Metrics Abstract The time after incarceration is widely regarded as tenuous and stressful, and for women living with chronic illness, self-management is yet another stressor. Intervening before the individual is overwhelmed is critical to ensuring success. In this article the Women in Transition to Health, a nurse-led intervention based on Lazarus and Folkman's Transactional Model of Stress and Coping, designed to improve health outcomes in women recently released from jail or prison is described. Motivational interviewing and case management are used to strengthen coping skills and encourage engagement in care. Using the stress model to address the unique needs of this population holds promise for improving health and quality of life. © 2016 by the International Association of Forensic Nurses. All rights reserved.