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Caring in Correctional Nursing

A Systematic Search and Narrative Synthesis

Dhaliwal, Kirnvir RN, MN; Hirst, Sandra RN, PhD, GNC(C)

doi: 10.1097/JFN.0000000000000097
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Registered nurses are the primary healthcare providers for offenders in correctional facilities. The way in which correctional nurses care for offenders can be difficult in this context. Following a systematic review and narrative synthesis of literature regarding how correctional nurses show caring for offenders three themes emerged: the struggle of custody and caring (conflicting ethical and philosophical ideologies, correctional priorities that override nursing priorities, safety and security), the need to be nonjudgmental (judgmental attitudes can impact care; focus on health not the crime), and the importance of boundaries. Implications for practice focus on recommendations to promote caring in correctional nursing; the outcome of which will potentially enhance quality of care for offenders and improve working environments for nurses.

Author Affiliations: University of Calgary.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Correspondence: Kirnvir Dhaliwal, RN, MN, Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive N.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4.

Received May 25, 2015; accepted for publication October 25, 2015.

© 2016 by the International Association of Forensic Nurses. All rights reserved.
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