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A Danish Adaptation of the Quality in Psychiatric Care–Forensic In-Patient Questionnaire: Psychometric Properties and Factor Structure

Lundqvist, Lars-Olov PhD1,2,5; Lorentzen, Kirsten MSc3; Riiskjaer, Erik MSc3; Schröder, Agneta PhD, RNT4,5

doi: 10.1097/JFN.0000000000000036
Original Article

Objective: The aims of this study were to adapt and evaluate the psychometric properties and factor structure of the Danish version of the Quality in Psychiatric Care-Forensic In-Patient (QPC-FIP) questionnaire.

Methods: A sample of 139 inpatients from 25 wards in Denmark who received care during 5 weeks in March and April 2012 participated in the study by completing the QPC-FIP instrument.

Results: Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the factor structure of the Danish version was equivalent to that of the original Swedish QPC-FIP. The results indicate that the concept of quality of care expressed in the QPC-FIP is equivalent among forensic inpatients in nationally different healthcare systems and cultural contexts.

Conclusion: The Danish version of QPC-FIP is a reliable and valid measurement instrument recommended for use in evaluating quality of care in forensic inpatient care.

Author Affiliations: 1Centre for Rehabilitation Research, Örebro County Council; 2School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University; 3Public Health and Quality Improvement Centre; 4Psychiatric Research Centre, Örebro County Council; and 5School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Correspondence: Lars-Olov Lundqvist, PhD, Centre for Rehabilitation Research, Box 1613, SE-701 16 Örebro, Sweden. E-mail:

Received April 9, 2014; accepted for publication June 28, 2014

© 2014 by the International Association of Forensic Nurses. All rights reserved.
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