Original ArticlesUnderstanding Correlates of Hepatitis C Virus Infection Among Homeless Recently Paroled MenNyamathi, Adeline ANP, PhD, FAAN1; Salem, Benissa E. RN, MSN, PhD1; Marlow, Elizabeth PhD2; Zhang, Sheldon PhD3; Yadav, Kartik BSc, MSc1Author Information 1University of California, Los Angeles, School of Nursing, 2University of California, San Francisco, School of Nursing, and 3San Diego State University. The authors declares no conflict of interest. Adeline Nyamathi, ANP, PhD, FAAN, University of California, Los Angeles, School of Nursing, 2-250 Factor, Box 951702, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1702; E-mail:[email protected]. Received June 12, 2012; accepted for publication September 19, 2012. Journal of Forensic Nursing: July/September 2013 - Volume 9 - Issue 3 - p 161-169 doi: 10.1097/JFN.0b013e31827a5908 Buy Metrics Abstract This cross-sectional study assessed predictors of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) positivity with baseline data collected on recently released male parolees (N = 157) participating in a randomized trial focused on reduction of drug use, recidivism, and risk for hepatitis and HIV infections. In this sample, the prevalence of HCV was 25%. The logistic regression analysis revealed that being an injection drug user was significantly related to HCV infection. However, contrary to most of the current literature, being Black had significantly lower odds of contracting HCV than their White counterparts. Moreover, having lived on the streets, not being part of a close family in childhood, and being older were also associated with HCV infection. These findings highlight the need for skilled assessments that target the vulnerabilities of homeless adults, especially those who have been incarcerated. Understanding drug use patterns, childhood networks, and family relationships, may assist in the design of interventions to reduce risky drug use and address behaviors derived from disadvantaged childhood. © 2013 by the International Association of Forensic Nurses. All rights reserved.