Original Articles: ORIGINAL ARTICLEDefining the boundaries: How sexual assault nurse examiners (SANEs) balance patient care and law enforcement collaborationCampbell, Rebecca PhD1; Greeson, Megan MA1; Patterson, Debra PhD2 Author Information 1Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 2School of Social Work, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI Correspondence Rebecca Campbell, PhD, Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, 127C Psychology Building, East Lansing, MI 48824-1116. Tel: 517-432-8390; E-mail: [email protected] Received: December 2, 2009; accepted: February 27, 2010 Journal of Forensic Nursing: March 2011 - Volume 7 - Issue 1 - p 17-26 doi: 10.1111/j.1939-3938.2010.01091.x Buy Metrics Abstract Forensic nursing is multidisciplinary in nature, which can create tensions for practitioners between their responsibilities to patient care and collaborations with law enforcement and prosecutors. Because there are compelling reasons grounded in both nursing theory and legal precedent to maintain separation, there is a pressing need to understand how sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE) programs successfully negotiate these potentially conflicting roles. The purpose of this study was to examine how SANEs define their work with their patients, how they collaborate with law enforcement, and how they negotiate roles differentiation. As part of a mixed methods evaluation of a community-based SANE program, qualitative interviews were conducted with forensic nurses regarding their interactions with patients and members of the legal community. Results indicated that a strong patient care practice had positive indirect effects on victims’ participation in the criminal justice system. Implications for forensic nursing practice are discussed. © 2011 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.