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Food Security Status and Overweight/Obesity Among 2- to 5-Year-Old Boys and Girls in a Community-Based Clinic

Gipson-Jones, Trina L., PhD, RN; O'Neal, LaToya J., PhD; Sheats, Jylana L., PhD, MPH; Thorpe, Roland J. Jr, PhD; Beech, Bettina M., DrPH, MPH; Bruce, Marino A., PhD, MSRC, MDiv

doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000218
Original Articles

The purpose of this study was to examine relationships between food security, parental health behaviors, and overweight/obesity among 2- to 5-year-old children in West Tennessee (N = 264). Results from logistic regression models indicate that the association between parental characteristics and child weight status varies by child sex and household food security. These findings highlight the need for more nuanced analysis that can produce results that inform and shape the development of precise health promotion and intervention strategies designed for diverse low-resource populations.

School of Nursing, Hampton University, Hampton, Virginia (Dr Gipson-Jones); Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Gainesville (Dr O'Neal); Tulane University School of Public Health & Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana (Dr Sheats); Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland (Dr Thorpe); John D. Bower School of Population Health, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson (Drs Thorpe, Beech, and Bruce); and Center for Research on Men's Health (Dr Bruce) and Center for Medicine, Health and Society (Dr Bruce), Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee.

Correspondence: Trina L. Gipson-Jones, PhD, RN, School of Nursing, 100 E Queen St, Hampton University, Hampton, VA 23668 (

This research was supported by grants from the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (R25HL126145—Dr Beech and Dr Norris) and the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities (P60MD000214—Dr Thorpe) and the National Institute on Aging (K02AG059140—Dr Thorpe).

None of the authors have any conflict of interests to declare.

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