ArticleBreastfeeding Patterns in a Community of Native Hawaiian Mothers Participating in WICDodgson, Joan E. PhD, MPH, RN; Codier, Estelle PhD, MSN, RN; Kaiwi, Pua BSN, RN, IBCLC; Oneha, Mary Frances M. PhD, APRN; Pagano, Ian PhDAuthor Information University of Hawaii, Honolulu (Drs Dodgson and Codier); Waianae WIC Office, Waianae, Hawaii (Ms Kaiwi); Waianae Coast Comprehensive Health Center, Waianae, Hawaii (Dr Oneha); and the University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu (Dr Pagano). Corresponding author: Joan E. Dodgson, PhD, MPH, RN, School of Nursing & Dental Hygiene, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822 (e-mail: [email protected]). This project was supported by NIH research grants P20 NR008351-05 and NR008360-05 funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research and the National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities. This study was a collaboration between the Department of Nursing, University of Hawaii at Manoa; Hawaii Women, Infant and Children's Supplemental Nutrition Program; and Waianae Coast Comprehensive Health Center, Waianae, Hawaii. The authors thank all participants in the collaborating institutions for their assistance and support. Family & Community Health: April 2007 - Volume 30 - Issue - p S46-S58 doi: 10.1097/01.FCH.0000264880.96310.9a Buy Metrics Abstract Although Hawaii has high breastfeeding initiation rates (89%), Native Hawaiian WIC* participants have much lower initiation (64%) rates. Little is known about why these disparities occur. The study's aim was to describe the breastfeeding patterns of Hawaiian/part-Hawaiian women enrolled in the WIC who had initiated breastfeeding. Retrospective descriptive data (N = 200) were gathered from WIC records. Descriptive and parametric statistics with univariate and multivariate analysis of breastfeeding patterns were completed. Mothers exclusively breastfeeding at initiation weaned significantly later and were significantly more likely to breastfeed for 6 months than were mothers who partially breastfed. Practice and policy implications of these findings are discussed. © 2007 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.