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Suicide Attempt Resiliency in American Indian, Hispanic, and Anglo Youth in New Mexico

The Influence of Positive Adult Relationships

Fullerton, Lynne, PhD; FitzGerald, Courtney A., MSSW, MPH; Hall, Meryn E., BLA, BFA; Green, Dan, MPH; DeBruyn, Lemyra M., PhD; Peñaloza, Linda J., PhD

doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000223
Original Articles

The purpose of this study was to identify whether positive relationships with adults at home, school, and in the community are protective for suicide among American Indian/Alaska Native, Hispanic, and Anglo adolescents. Using data from the New Mexico version of the 2015 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey, we found that positive relationships with adults affected past-year suicide attempts differently in youth from the 3 groups. The final multivariable model for American Indian/Alaska Native youth included only positive relationships with adults in the home. Among Hispanic and Anglo youth, adults in the home and also in the community were protective.

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, Albuquerque (Dr Fullerton); University of New Mexico Prevention Research Center, Albuquerque (Ms FitzGerald and Dr Peñaloza); University of New Mexico School of Medicine, Albuquerque (Ms Hall); New Mexico Department of Health, Santa Fe (Mr Green); and United States Public Health Service (ret) (Dr DeBruyn).

Correspondence: Lynne Fullerton, PhD, Department of Emergency Medicine, MSC11 6025, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 (

This research was supported by the New Mexico Department of Health, the Albuquerque Area Southwest Tribal Epidemiology Center, and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in cooperation with the New Mexico Public Education Department through grant number 1U87PS004195-01. The findings and conclusions in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the funding agencies.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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