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Problematic Eating Behaviors Are More Prevalent in African American Women Who Are Overweight or Obese Than African American Women Who Are Lean or Normal Weight

Opichka, Katelyn, MS, RD, LD; Smith, Chery, PhD, MPH, RD; Levine, Allen S., PhD

doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000222
Original Articles
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Problematic eating behaviors such as overeating and loss of control over consumption can lead to obesity. Problematic eating behaviors among women of differing body mass indexes were explored through focus group methodology, the Palatable Eating Motives Scale (PEMS), and a taste test in a sample of low-income African American women (n = 45). Women who were overweight or obese (W-O/O) reported more problematic eating behaviors including eating in the absence of hunger, frequent overeating, and increased food thoughts than women who were lean or normal weight (W-L/N). The W-O/O appear to possess more problematic eating behaviors than W-L/N.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, St Paul.

Correspondence: Chery Smith, PhD, MPH, RD, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, University of Minnesota, 225 Food Science and Nutrition, 1334 Eckles Ave, St Paul, MN 55108 (csmith@umn.edu).

This project was funded by internal grant money in the Department of Food Science and Nutrition and the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station. The authors thank all of the women for their thoughts and ideas and local agencies for providing space to conduct the focus groups in.

C.S. and A.S.L. conceptualized the project, K.O. and C.S. conducted focus groups and analyzed the data, C.S., K.O., A.S.L. discussed findings; K.O. and C.S. wrote first manuscript draft; and A.S.L. edited the draft, adding comments. All authors reviewed and approved the final draft of the manuscript.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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