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Associations Among Caregiver Feeding Practices and Blood Pressure in African American Adolescents

The Jackson Heart KIDS Study

Burton, E. Thomaseo, PhD, MPH; Wilder, Tanganyika, PhD; Beech, Bettina M., DrPH, MPH; Bruce, Marino A., PhD, MSRC, MDiv

doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000215
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Caregiver feeding practices have been linked to youth health outcomes. The present study examined associations among caregiver feeding practices and blood pressure in 212 African American adolescents via the Child Feeding Practices Questionnaire. Results revealed a positive association between caregivers' concern about their child's weight and diastolic blood pressure, which was more acute for older adolescent boys. Caregivers' perceived responsibility for the quality and quantity of food their child receives was also associated with lower diastolic blood pressure in older adolescent boys. Feeding practices are ideal targets of lifestyle intervention, and health care providers should continue to involve caregivers as adolescents approach adulthood.

Department of Pediatrics, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis (Dr Burton); Children's Foundation Research Institute, Le Bonheur Children's Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee (Dr Burton); Department of Biological Sciences, Florida A&M University, Tallahassee, Florida (Dr Wilder); Department of Population Health Science, John D. Bower School of Population Health (Drs Beech and Bruce) and Myrlie Evers-Williams Institute for the Elimination of Health Disparities (Drs Beech and Bruce), The University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson; and Center for Research on Men's Health, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee (Dr Bruce).

Correspondence: E. Thomaseo Burton, PhD, MPH, Pediatric Obesity Program, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, 50 N Dunlap St, 452R, Memphis, TN 38103 (eburto10@uthsc.edu).

This research was supported by the Center for Research on Men's Health at Vanderbilt University and grants from the Department of Health & Human Services' Office of Minority Health (Prime Award Number 1 CPIMP091054—Beech) and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (1R25HL126145—Beech; 1K01HL88735—Bruce).

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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