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Affective and Cognitive Attitudes on Cervical Health Behaviors Among Asian American Women

Lee, Jongwon, PhD, RN; Carvallo, Mauricio, PhD; Lee, Eunice, PhD, RN, FAAN; Chung, Jane, PhD, RN; Shin, Chanam, PhD, RN

doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000216
Original Articles
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Cervical cancer is a major cause of death for Vietnamese and Korean American women, yet their screening rates remain low. This study explored factors influencing cervical health behaviors of these populations, using a 2-dimensional model (ie, affect and cognition) of attitude structure approach. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 33 participants. A semantic content analysis was used to identify major codes and themes across the transcripts. Multiple aspects of both negative and positive affect and cognition, which led to 3 different cervical health behaviors (avoidance, ambivalence, and acceptance), emerged from the interviews. The clinical implications of these findings are discussed.

College of Nursing, The University of New Mexico, Albuquerque (Dr J. Lee); Department of Psychology, University of Oklahoma, Norman (Dr Carvallo); UCLA School of Nursing (Dr E. Lee); Virginia Commonwealth University School of Nursing, Richmond (Dr Chung); and Arizona State University College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Phoenix (Dr Shin).

Correspondence: Jongwon Lee, PhD, RN, College of Nursing, The University of New Mexico, MSC 07 4380, Box 9, 1 University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131 (jwlee@salud.unm.edu).

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

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