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An Exploration of Multilevel Physical Activity Correlates Among Low-Income African Americans in Alabama and Mississippi

O'Neal, LaToya J., PhD; Bateman, Lori Brand, PhD; Smith, Theolishia, MPH; Li, Yufeng, PhD; Dai, Chen, MS; Wynn, Theresa A., PhD; Fouad, Mona N., MD, MPH

doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000203
Original Articles

Understanding obesity-related health disparities among low-income African Americans in the south requires further research investigating the range of factors influencing health behaviors. This study sought to examine the relationship between meeting the minimum recommendation for moderate physical activity and multilevel, including policy, systems, and environmental, strategies thought to influence health behaviors. We utilize preintervention community survey data from a sample of 256 low-income, predominantly, African Americans in 3 southeastern cities. Results indicate that individual, social, and environmental factors are related to whether participants met the recommended guidelines for physical activity and that sex predicts whether guidelines are met.

Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville (Dr O'Neal); and Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham (Drs Bateman, Li, Wynn, and Fouad and Ms Smith and Mr Dai).

Correspondence: LaToya J. O'Neal, PhD, Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences, University of Florida, 3038 McCarty Hall D, PO Box 110310, Gainesville, FL 32611 (

Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities of the National Institutes of Health under award number U54MD008602. The corresponding author was supported in part by a grant from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to the University of Mississippi Medical Center under award number 1R25HL126145-01 (MPI: Beech and Norris).

The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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