Special FeaturesMothers, Fathers, Sons, and Human Papillomavirus Immunization PracticesThomas, Tami Lynn PhD, RN, FAANP, FAAN; Strickland, Ora L. PhD, RN, FAAN; Higgins, Melinda PhDAuthor Information Nicole Wertheim College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Florida International University, Miami (Drs Thomas and Strickland); and Nell Hodgson Woodruff School of Nursing, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (Dr Higgins). Correspondence: Tami Lynn Thomas, PhD, RN, FAANP, FAAN, Nicole Wertheim College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Florida International University, 11200 SW 8th St, Miami, FL 33199 ([email protected]). This work was supported/funded in part by: (a) The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars Program #67893 “Prevalence and Correlates of HPV Vaccination in Rural Areas”; (b) National Institute of Health, National Institute of Nursing Research, award 1R03NR013558-01 “Tailoring an Intervention With Parents in Rural Areas to Reduce HPV Transmission”; and (c) National Institute of Health, the National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities award L60MD007271 “HPV in Rural Areas.”The authors gratefully acknowledge the parents, partners, and communities of Burke, Lincoln, and Screven counties of Georgia. Family & Community Health: July/September 2017 - Volume 40 - Issue 3 - p 278-287 doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000104 Buy Metrics Abstract Despite the fact that human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and HPV-related cancers are on the rise in men, male HPV vaccine series completion is less than 10% in many areas. This study examined parental knowledge of the HPV vaccine and intent to vaccinate their sons. A cross-sectional study of 341 parents of boys was conducted in school settings in rural southeastern Georgia. Mothers were 2.07 times more likely than fathers to vaccinate their sons. Future research directions should include strategies to increase HPV vaccination in both genders and focus on parents' perceived severity and vulnerability of their sons to HPV infection. © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.