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Demographic Characteristics Associated With Barriers to Health Care Among Mexican and Guatemalan Immigrants in a Nontraditional Destination Area

Zhen-Duan, Jenny MA; Jacquez, Farrah PhD; Vaughn, Lisa PhD

doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000141
Original Articles

The purpose of this study was to examine demographic factors associated with health care barriers among Mexican (n = 258) and Guatemalan (n = 143) immigrants in Cincinnati, a nontraditional destination (new migration area). Three primary results emerged: length of US residence was not associated with fewer health care barriers, Mexican women and younger Guatemalans endorsed fewer skills-related barriers, and childless Guatemalans reported more barriers to care the longer they reside in the United States, when compared with Guatemalans with children. Our study highlights the importance of disaggregating data to create more tailored interventions to eliminate health disparities for Latinos.

Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Ohio (Ms Zhen-Duan and Dr Jacquez); and Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, and Department of Educational Studies, University of Cincinnati, Ohio (Dr Vaughn).

Correspondence: Jenny Zhen-Duan, MA, Department of Psychology, University of Cincinnati, Edwards One, 4150, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221 (

This project was funded by a Community Health Grant from the Center for Clinical and Translational Science and Training, an organization supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences of the National Institutes of Health, under Award Number UL1TR000077. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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