Original ArticlesFamily Structure Types and Adequate Utilization of Antenatal Care in KenyaOwili, Patrick Opiyo PhD; Muga, Miriam Adoyo PhD; Chou, Yiing-Jenq MD, PhD; Hsu, Yi-Hsin Elsa PhD; Huang, Nicole PhD; Chien, Li-Yin RN, ScDAuthor Information Institute of Public Health, School of Medicine (Drs Owili and Chou), Institute of Hospital and Health Care Administration (Dr Huang), and Institute of Clinical and Community Health Nursing (Dr Chien), National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan; Institute of Community Health and Development, Great Lakes University of Kisumu, Kisumu, Kenya (Dr Muga); and School of Health Care Administration, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (Dr Hsu). Correspondence: Yiing-Jenq Chou, MD, PhD, Institute of Public Health, School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, 155, Sec. 2, Li-nong St, Beitou District, Taipei 112, Taiwan ([email protected]). Conception and designing of the study was done by POO, MAM, and YJC. Data analysis was performed by POO and MAM. POO wrote the first draft, whereas MAM, YJC, NH, Y-HEH, and LYC contributed to the critical interpretation, writing, and approving the final version. POO and YJC made the final decision and responsibility to submit for publication.The authors are indebted to National Yang-Ming University for their scholarships. The funder had no role in designing the study, analysis and interpretation, preparation of the article, and decision to publish.The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) of National Yang-Ming University (IRB: YM104021E) on March 17, 2015. All the women in the study signed a written informed consent, including the parents of mothers aged between 15 to 17 years who signed on their behalf. The women were not coerced to participate and they also had a right to stop the interview or even withdraw at any time.The authors declare no conflict of interest. Family & Community Health: July/September 2016 - Volume 39 - Issue 3 - p 188-198 doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000109 Buy Metrics Abstract Features of the health care delivery system may not be the only expounding factors of adequate utilization of antenatal care among women. Other social factors such as the family structure and its environment contribute toward pregnant women's utilization of antenatal care. An understanding of how women in different family structure types and social groups use basic maternal health services is important toward developing and implementing maternal health care policy in the post-Millennium Development Goal era, especially in the sub-Saharan Africa where maternal mortality still remains high. © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.