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Grandparents Raising Grandchildren: A Synthetic Review and Theoretical Model for Interventions

Choi, Moon PhD; Sprang, Ginny PhD; Eslinger, Jessica G. PhD

doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000097
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The number of custodial grandparents has increased significantly over the past decade. Building on Hayslip's and Kaminski's comprehensive review of the literature on custodial grandparenting, we conducted an updated review of the literature, in particular peer-reviewed journal articles published since 2004. We have developed a conceptual model to contribute to understanding the causes and consequences of custodial grandparenting, using the stress-coping framework while highlighting the emerging issues related to contemporary grandfamilies such as cultural and ethnic heterogeneity in grandfamilies. We also emphasized loss, grief, and trauma among grandfamilies and provided the implications for effective public and community health programs.

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Graduate School of Science and Technology Policy, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, South Korea (Dr Choi); College of Social Work, University of Kentucky, Lexington (Dr Choi); College of Medicine Department of Psychiatry, University of Kentucky, Lexington (Dr Sprang); and Center on Trauma and Children, University of Kentucky, Lexington (Drs Sprang and Eslinger).

Correspondence: Moon Choi, PhD, Graduate School of Science and Technology Policy, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-701, South Korea (moonchoi365@gmail.com).

This project titled, “Partners in Relationship: Addressing the Needs of Grandparents Raising Grandchildren” (G. Sprang, P.I.) is supported by the Eastern Kentucky United Methodist Health, Education & Welfare Fund. M. Choi is supported by New Faculty Development grants from KAIST as well as by a grant (NRF-2015018593) from the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the Eastern Kentucky United Methodist Foundation, University of Kentucky, KAIST, the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea, and the National Research Foundation of Korea.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citation appears in the printed text and is provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (www.familyandcommunityhealth.com).

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