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The Prevalence of Sleep Disturbance in Alcoholics Admitted for Treatment: A Target for Chronic Disease Management

Wallen, Gwenyth R. PhD; Brooks, Alyssa T. BS; Whiting, Barbara MSN; Clark, Rosa RN; Krumlauf, Michael C. RN; Yang, Li MS; Schwandt, Melanie L. PhD; George, David T. MD; Ramchandani, Vijay A. PhD

doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000040
Original Articles

Prolonged and heavy use of alcohol is associated with persistent sleep disturbances. Objective and subjective measures of sleep quantity and quality were collected on 164 individuals undergoing detoxification. A high prevalence of sleep disturbance was found in this sample. Sleep quality improved by week 4 but continued to be altered, signaling a target area for recovery management. This study supports the high prevalence of sleep disturbance in individuals undergoing alcohol treatment. Health promotion strategies in an addiction recovery model should address quality-of-life enhancements for individuals and their families including optimizing sleep quality and duration through sustained recovery.

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (Dr Wallen, Mss Brooks and Yang, and Mr Krumlauf) and National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health (Mss Whiting and Clark and Drs Schwandt, George, and Ramchandani), Bethesda, Maryland.

Correspondence: Gwenyth R. Wallen, PhD, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, Bldg 10/Room 2B09, Bethesda, MD 20892 (

This project has been funded in whole or in part with federal funds from the National Institutes of Health, Clinical Center, intramural research program (trial no. NCT00106093). The content of this publication does not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Department of Health and Human Services. The authors gratefully acknowledge the patients who participated in this research as well as the nursing staff from the 1SE inpatient unit and clinic.

Authors' contributions are as follows: G.R.W., B.W., and R.C. conceived and designed the study; A.T.B., M.C.K., V.A.R., M.L.S., L.Y., and G.R.W. analyzed the data; G.R.W., A.T.B., B.W., and R.C. wrote the first draft of the manuscript. All authors contributed to the writing of the manuscript. All authors agree with manuscript results and conclusions. A.T.B., M.C.K., and G.R.W. made critical revisions. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

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