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“Civil Unrest Does Not Stop Ovulation”: Women's Prenatal and Family Planning Services in a 1960s Detroit Neighborhood Clinic

DeGuzman, Pamela B. PhD, MBA, RN; Schminkey, Donna L. PhD, MPH, CNM; Koyen, Emily A.

doi: 10.1097/FCH.0000000000000034
Original Articles

In 1965, Nancy Milio established a prenatal and family planning clinic in Detroit, Michigan, to address health disparities and limited access to care among low-income, African American, urban women. Women's health disparities persist today nationally and internationally. Using historical methods, this research analyzes how Milio provided women's health services in the context of the social and political environment. Milio empowered neighborhood women to direct, plan, and participate in the care they received. Successful methods to address disparities in access to family and planning and prenatal care should include empowered participation from the women these programs are intending to serve.

University of Virginia School of Nursing, Charlottesville.

Correspondence: Pamela B. DeGuzman, PhD, MBA, RN, University of Virginia School of Nursing, 225 Jeanette Lancaster Way, Charlottesville, VA 22903 (

The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of the staff of the Eleanor Crowder Bjoring Center for Nursing Historical Inquiry at the University of Virginia.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins