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A Systematic Review of Built Environment and Health

Renalds, Arlene MSN, RN; Smith, Tracey H. MSN, RN; Hale, Patty J. PhD, RN, FAAN

doi: 10.1097/FCH.0b013e3181c4e2e5
Article

The built environment can be considered a foundation for health and wellness. This structure, whether it be neighborhood layout or safe walking trails, impacts decisions relating to individual and community health outcomes. This review compiled the published research that examined the relationship between built environment and health. Findings from the 23 articles reviewed indicate that neighborhoods that are characterized as more walkable, either leisure-oriented or destination-driven, are associated with increased physical activity, increased social capital, lower overweight, lower reports of depression, and less reported alcohol abuse.

James Madison University, Department of Nursing, Harrisonburg, Virginia (Ms Renalds and Dr Hale); and Valley Vocational Technical Center, Fishersville, Virginia (Ms Smith.)

Corresponding Author: Arlene Renalds, MSN, RN, James Madison University, Department of Nursing, 800 S Main St, MSC 4305, Harrisonburg, VA 22807 (Halepj@jmu.edu.

© 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.