ArticleA Systematic Review of Built Environment and HealthRenalds, Arlene MSN, RN; Smith, Tracey H. MSN, RN; Hale, Patty J. PhD, RN, FAANAuthor Information James Madison University, Department of Nursing, Harrisonburg, Virginia (Ms Renalds and Dr Hale); and Valley Vocational Technical Center, Fishersville, Virginia (Ms Smith.) Corresponding Author: Arlene Renalds, MSN, RN, James Madison University, Department of Nursing, 800 S Main St, MSC 4305, Harrisonburg, VA 22807 (Halepj@jmu.edu. Family & Community Health: January-March 2010 - Volume 33 - Issue 1 - p 68–78 doi: 10.1097/FCH.0b013e3181c4e2e5 Buy Metrics Abstract The built environment can be considered a foundation for health and wellness. This structure, whether it be neighborhood layout or safe walking trails, impacts decisions relating to individual and community health outcomes. This review compiled the published research that examined the relationship between built environment and health. Findings from the 23 articles reviewed indicate that neighborhoods that are characterized as more walkable, either leisure-oriented or destination-driven, are associated with increased physical activity, increased social capital, lower overweight, lower reports of depression, and less reported alcohol abuse. © 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.