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A Peer-Driven Mentoring Case Management Community Reentry Model: An Application for Jails and Prisons

Goldstein, Earl H. MD; Warner-Robbins, Carmen MSN, RN, MDiv, FAAN; McClean, Christopher MS, MA; Macatula, Liza MSN, RN; Conklin, Richard LCSW

doi: 10.1097/FCH.0b013e3181b91f0d

Welcome Home Ministries (WHM) is a peer-driven reentry program for women reentering the community from jail and prison. One of the major contributing factors to a high recidivism rate is the presenting issue of co-occurring disorders stemming from early childhood abuse and trauma found in 85% of the women seeking the assistance of WHM. The peers within WHM, having experienced mental health issues, substance abuse, and incarceration themselves, identified and developed a specific reentry program for this population. This article presents the results of a yearlong study that addresses the following: (1) the issue of co-occurring disorders; (2) the impact of early childhood trauma and abuse on the rate of incarceration; (3) the outcomes for restoration and recovery; and (4) the desire of the women to give back to the community.

Medical Services Division, San Diego Sheriff's Department, San Diego, California. (Dr Goldstein and Mr McClean, Ms Macatula, and Mr Conklin); and Welcome Home Ministries, San Diego, California (Rev. Warner-Robbins).

Corresponding Author: Earl H. Goldstein, MD, Medical Services Division, San Diego Sheriff's Department, 8525 Gibbs Dr, Ste 303, San Diego, CA 92123 (

The authors thank Sheriff William Kolender, Assistant Sheriff Al Guerin, CDR Lori Bird, and Bruce Leicht.

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.