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A Feminist Approach to Research on Menopausal Symptom Experience

Im, Eun-Ok PhD, MPH, RN, CNS, FAAN


Despite an increasing number of feminist studies in the area of women's health, feminist approaches have rarely been used in nursing research on the menopausal symptom experience of midlife women. The purpose of the article is to propose a feminist approach to such research on the basis of a literature review. First, diverse feminist perspectives and their commonalities are summarized. Then, the literature related to the menopausal symptom experience is critiqued from a feminist perspective. On the basis of the discussion, 5 principles are proposed for a feminist approach to research on menopausal symptom experience.

School of Nursing, The University of Texas at Austin.

Corresponding author: Eun-Ok Im, PhD, MPH, RN, CNS, FAAN, School of Nursing, University of Texas, 1700 Red River, Austin, TX 78701 (e-mail:

This literature review was conducted as part of a larger study funded by the NIH/NINR/NIA (1R01NR008926-01A1).

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