The LRG, HMGB1, MMP3 and ANXA1 proteins have been implicated in different inflammatory pathways in ulcerative colitis (UC), but their role as specific biomarkers of both endoscopic and histological activity has yet to be elucidated. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the LRG1, HMGB1, MMP3 and ANXA1 as potential serum biomarkers for UC endoscopic and histological activity.
This cross-sectional study included UC patients under 5-ASA, and healthy controls (HC) undergoing colonoscopy. Blood and biopsy samples were obtained and endoscopic Mayo sub-score (Ms) was recorded for the UC patients. Intramucosal calprotectin as a marker of histologic activity was evaluated in all biopsy samples and serum LRG1, HMGB1, MMP3 and ANXA1 levels were measured in the blood samples.
The HCs ANXA1 level was lower compared to that of the UC group [P = 0.00, area under the curve (AUC) = 0.881] and so was the HCs MMP3 level compared to that of patients (P = 0.00, AUC = 0.835). The HCs ANXA1 levels were also lower compared to these of the independent Ms groups, even to the Ms = 0 (P = 0.00, AUC = 0.913). UC endoscopic activity was associated with MMP3 levels (r = 0.54, P = 0.000) but not with ANXA1, LRG1 and HMGB1 levels
Serum ANXA1 is a potential diagnostic biomarker of UC and serum MMP3 is a potential biomarker of UC endoscopic and histological activity.