The characteristics of right heart intracardiac mass in hepatitis B virus infection patients are not well known. Our aim is to describe their ultrasonographic features and nature of such masses.
We retrospectively reviewed imaging reports of hepatitis B virus infection patients from January 2014 to December 2018. Patients with a confirmed finding of right heart intracardiac mass were included, whose pathology reports and contrast-enhanced images were analyzed. Various masses were compared to a general control group from a published study.
Thirty-eight cases were finally included. Different types of masses presented with a variety of echocardiographic manifestations. Thirty-six cases had masses located in the right atrium, including five thrombus and 31 metastatic carcinoma. The later included one metastatic non-Hodgkin lymphoma and 30 metastatic hepatic carcinoma cases (27 of which had inferior vena cava tumor thrombus). Two cases presented with masses in the right ventricle that included one multiple myxoma and one tricuspid valve leaflet vegetation. Compared with the general population, no primary malignant tumor was found in our study (65% vs. 100%, P = 0.001), and hepatic metastasis was the most common type of malignant tumors (P < 0.001).
The nature and ultrasonographic features of right heart intracardiac masses in hepatitis B virus infection patients are diverse, and the incidence of malignant tumors was similar to that seen in the general population. Hepatic metastasis, possibly extending via the inferior vena cava into the right atrium, was the most common type. Our study may improve understanding of the right heart intracardiac mass in hepatitis B virus infection patients.