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Intubation after noninvasive ventilation failure in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: associated factors at emergency department presentation

van Gemert, Johanna P.a; Brijker, Folkertb

European Journal of Emergency Medicine: February 2015 - Volume 22 - Issue 1 - p 67–69
doi: 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000183

aDepartment of Pulmonology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam

bDepartment of Pulmonology, Diakonessenhuis, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Correspondence to Johanna P. van Gemert, Academic Medical Center, Room No. F4-222, PO Box 22660, 1100 DD Amsterdam, The Netherlands Tel: +31 20 566 91111; fax: +31 20 5664440; e-mail:

Received June 12, 2014

Accepted June 23, 2014

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