aDepartment of Circulatory Emergency and Resuscitation Science, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medicine, Kanazawa
bFaculty of Health Sciences, Department of Prehospital Emergency Medical Sciences, Hiroshima International University, Higashihiroshima
cDepartment of Emergency Medical Science, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, Niigata
dDepartment of Emergency Medicine, Kanazawa Medical University, Uchinada
eKanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan
Received 21 November 2022 Accepted 5 January 2023.
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Correspondence to Hideo Inaba, MD, PhD, Department of Circulatory Emergency and Resuscitation Science, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, 1398 Shimami-cho, Kita-ku, Niigata-shi, Niigata, 950-3198, Japan, Tel/fax: +81 25 257 4712; e-mail: [email protected]