Mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has been associated with the volume of activity of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) facilities. This observational study investigated whether the coronary reperfusion-decision rate is associated with the volume of activity in a prehospital emergency setting.
Prospectively collected data for the period 2003–2013 were extracted from a regional registry of all STEMI patients handled by eight dispatch centers (SAMUs) in and around Paris [41 mobile ICU (MICUs)]. A possible association between volume of activity (number of STEMIs) and coronary reperfusion-decision rate, and subsidiarily between volume of activity and choice of technique (fibrinolysis vs. primary PCI), were investigated. Explanatory factors (patient age, sex, delay between pain onset and first medical contact, and access to a PCI facility) were analyzed in a multivariate analysis.
Overall, 18 162 patients; male/female 3.5/1; median age 62 (52–72) years were included in the analysis. The median number of STEMIs per MICU was 339 (IQ 220–508) and that of reperfusion-decisions was 94% (91–95). There was no association between the decision rate and the number of STEMIs (P = 0.1). However, the decision rate was associated with age, sex, delay, and access to a PCI facility (P < 0.0001) in a highly significant way. Fibrinolysis was a more frequent option for low-volume (remoter PCI facilities) than high-volume MICUs (30 vs. 16%).
The decision of coronary reperfusion in a prehospital emergency setting depended on patient characteristics, delay between pain onset and first medical contact, and access to a PCI facility, but not on volume of activity. Promoting fibrinolysis use in underserved areas might help increase the reperfusion-decision rate.
aSAMU 93, UF Recherche-Enseignement-Qualité, Avicenne Hospital-APHP, Bobigny
bUniversité Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris
cINSERM Unit 942, Bobigny
dRegistry Department, Regional Health Agency in Great Paris Area
eGCS SESAN, Information Processing Department, Paris
fSAMU 91, Sud Francilien Hospital, Corbeil-Essonnes
gSAMU 95, Pontoise Hospital, Pontoise
hSAMU 94, Mondor Hospital-APHP, Créteil
iSAMU 75, Necker Hospital-APHP, Paris
jSAMU 77, Melun Hospital, Melun
kEMS Department, Fire Department of Paris, Paris
lSAMU 92, Garches Hospital-APHP, Garches
mCardiology Department, Bichat Hospital-APHP, DHU FIRE, Université Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris-Cité, INSERM U-1148 Paris, Paris
nSAMU 78, Versailles Hospital, Le Chesnay, France
Received 11 July 2017 Accepted 1 May 2018
Correspondence to Frédéric Lapostolle, PhD, SAMU 93, UF Recherche-Enseignement-Qualité, Université Paris 13, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Inserm U942, Hôpital Avicenne, 125, rue de Stalingrad, 93009 Bobigny, France, Tel: +33 148 964 454; fax: +33 148 964 493; e-mail: email@example.com