SHORT REPORTSBack pain in children: dig a bit deeperDuncan, Russell A.; Hewson, G. CampbellAuthor Information Accident and Emergency, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh, UK Competing interests: nil. Correspondence and requests for reprints to Dr R.A. Duncan, Accident and Emergency, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh EH9 1LF, UK Tel: +44 131 5360216; e-mail: [email protected] Received 27 January 2005 Accepted 15 June 2005 European Journal of Emergency Medicine: December 2005 - Volume 12 - Issue 6 - p 317-319 Buy Abstract This report highlights the uncommon disease of Langerhans cell histiocytosis in the context of nontraumatic back pain. Langerhans cell histiocytosis has a broad range of presentations and should be borne in mind in many differential diagnoses in the emergency and general practice setting. Back pain in children, contrary to back pain in adults, is frequently the result of a treatable organic pathology and should be assessed thoroughly before a diagnosis of nonspecific or mechanical back pain is made. © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.