Re-expansion pulmonary oedema is a rare but life-threatening condition that may complicate the treatment of pneumothorax. Current opinions vary regarding how this condition can be prevented. The concepts behind these various theories are discussed with an emphasis on applying available evidence and expert guidelines to practice.
Accident and Emergency Medicine Academic Unit, Prince of Wales Hospital, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, PRC
Correspondence to Dr Stewart Siu Wa Chan, MBBS (Syd), FRCSEd, FHKAM (Emergency Medicine), Accident and Emergency Department, Prince of Wales Hospital, 30–32 Ngan Shing Street, Shatin, Hong Kong, PRC
Tel: +852 2632 2219; fax: +852 2337 3226;