SHORT COMMUNICATIONSharp wound debridement in local anaesthesia using EMLA cream: 6 years' experience in 1084 patientsBlanke, Walter; Hallern, Bernd v.Author Information Department of Traumatology and Plastic Surgery, Elbe-Klinikum, Stade, Germany Correspondence to B. v. Hallern, Department of Traumatology and Plastic Surgery, Elbe-Klinikum Stade, Bremervoerder Strasse 111, DE-21682 Stade, Germany Tel: +49 0 4141 971221; fax: +49 0 4141 971213; e-mail: [email protected] European Journal of Emergency Medicine: September 2003 - Volume 10 - Issue 3 - p 229-231 Buy Abstract Sharp debridement is the most efficient method for clearing the woundbed in the exudation and granulation phase of wound healing. At our clinic the anaesthetic lidocaine–prilocaine cream, EMLA, has been used as an analgesic for sharp debridement since 1994. A review of patients' records was conducted, including ulcer size, dose of cream used, analgesic efficacy and complications. During a 6-year period a total of 1084 patients were treated for leg ulcers, decubitus ulcers, abscess revisions, anal and coccyx fistulae, postoperative wounds, diabetic ulcers and burns. Doses ranging from 3 to 150 g cream were applied for 45–60 min. In all patients except three the analgesia was adequate for debridement. We observed no allergic reactions, no clinical symptoms of local anaesthetic toxicity or methaemoglobinaemia. In 12 patients (1.1%) a burning sensation was reported directly after the application of EMLA cream to the ulcer, which, however, subsided within 15–20 min. In our experience, sharp debridement in percutaneous analgesia with EMLA is efficient, economical, safe, and tolerable for the patient. © 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.