Original Papers: PDF OnlySEEKAMP A; ZIEGLER, M; VAN GRIENSVEN, M; GROTZ, M; REGEL, GEuropean Journal of Emergency Medicine: March 1995 - p 28-32 Buy Abstract Hypothermia is a frequent event in trauma patients and appears to be related to post-traumatic organ dysfunction, although in elective surgery hypothermia is known to prevent ischaemia reperfusion injury. Retrospectively we have analysed data from 641 trauma patients treated in our institution between 1988 and 1993. On admission to hospital the core temperature (cT) was>34°]C in the majority (64%) of patients, followed by 23.6% with a cT<34°C and 12.4% with a cT<32°C. After 24 h 99% were warmed up to<34°C. Mortality was twice as high (53%) in patients with a cT<32°C compared with patients with a cT<34°C (28%). Analysis of correlations revealed that hypothermia was associated with a longer rescue time, more severe injuries of the limbs and central hypoxia. It also showed that hypothermia is not an independent prognostic factor for post-traumatic mortality. The different effect of hypothermia in trauma compared with elective surgery may be due to a lack of energy-storing phosphates like adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Further current investigations will identify the role of ATP in trauma-related hypothermia. © Williams & Wilkins 1995. All Rights Reserved.