Short Paper: Skin CancerFertility drugs and cutaneous melanoma risk a French prospective cohort studyCervenka, Irisa,,b; Al Rahmoun, Mariea,,b; Mahamat-Saleh, Yahyaa,,b; Boutron-Ruault, Marie-Christinea,,b; Fournier, Agnèsa,,b; Kvaskoff, Marinaa,,bAuthor Information aCESP, Fac. de médecine - Univ. Paris-Sud, Fac. de médecine - UVSQ, INSERM, Université Paris-Saclay bGustave Roussy, Villejuif, France Received 10 April 2019 Accepted 15 May 2019 Correspondence to Dr. Marina Kvaskoff, Inserm U1018, Health across Generations Team, Gustave Roussy, Espace Maurice Tubiana, 114 rue Edouard Vaillant, F-94805 Villejuif Cedex, France, Tel: +33 1 4211 5864; fax: +33 1 4211 4000; e-mail: Marina.KVASKOFF@gustaveroussy.fr European Journal of Cancer Prevention: March 2020 - Volume 29 - Issue 2 - p 182-185 doi: 10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000532 Buy Metrics Abstract Cutaneous melanoma has been suspected to be influenced by female sex hormones. A review of the literature in 2018 indicated that fertility drug (FD) use was associated with increased melanoma risk among parous women only. However, most studies so far were based on a retrospective design and the current evidence is unclear. We sought to prospectively investigate the associations between FD use and melanoma risk in women. E3N is a prospective cohort of 98 995 French women aged 40–65 years at inclusion in 1990. Information on use of FDs, including duration and time of administration, was assessed through self-administered questionnaires. We used Cox proportional hazards regression models adjusted for age and melanoma risk factors. Over 1990–2008, about 611 melanoma cases were ascertained among 86 653 women. Compared with never use, ever use of FDs was not associated with melanoma risk overall [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.15; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.75–1.74], or among parous women (HR = 1.08; 95% CI = 0.67–1.73). Among ever users of FDs, duration of use and age at first use were not associated with melanoma risk. Associations were similar after adjustment for UV exposure, although FD users were more likely to report tanning bed use than never-users (odds ratio = 1.50; CI = 1.01–2.22) in a subsample with recreational UV exposure data. Our data do not support an association between FD use and melanoma risk, but underlie the importance of taking into consideration potential confounding from sun exposure in future research. Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.