Research Paper: Gynecological CancerAwareness of human papilloma virus and cervical cancer prevention among Greek female healthcare workersFarazi, Paraskevi A.a,b,c; Hadji, Panayiotad; Roupa, ZoeaAuthor Information aDepartment of Life and Health Sciences, University of Nicosia bMediterranean Center for Cancer Research, Nicosia, Cyprus cDepartment of Epidemiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska, USA dDepartment of Health Sciences and Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece Correspondence to Paraskevi A. Farazi, PhD, Department of Epidemiology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, 984395 Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198-4395, USA Tel: +1 402 559 5907; fax: +1 402 559 7259; e-mail: [email protected] European Journal of Cancer Prevention: July 2017 - Volume 26 - Issue 4 - p 330-335 doi: 10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000254 Buy SDC Metrics Abstract The incidence rate of cervical cancer varies by geographic region, with less developed regions showing the highest rates. All risk factors for cervical cancer are actually preventable if appropriate lifestyle changes are adopted. In addition, vaccines protecting against the majority of human papilloma virus (HPV) high-risk types have been developed. Even though cervical cancer is preventable, not all women are aware of this or how it can be prevented. Thus, it is essential for every nation to assess the level of knowledge among women of cervical cancer and HPV prevention. In this work, we assessed the level of awareness and attitudes of Greek female healthcare workers on cervical cancer and HPV prevention through the delivery of a validated questionnaire between March and June 2012 in three hospitals in Greece. Our results show that there exist gaps in the knowledge of women on this topic, especially in terms of the newest information on cervical cancer prevention through HPV testing and vaccination. In fact, only 80% of surveyed women knew about the existence of HPV testing. We propose that more information needs to be transmitted to Greek women and men on HPV testing and vaccination. Even though the incidence of cervical cancer is not extremely high in Greece, this number can easily change, especially in the face of the economic crisis and the increasing rates of migration, which can result in higher rates of HPV infection in the population if no measures for HPV prevention are implemented. Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.