Review Article: Prostate CancerPrimary prevention and early diagnosis of prostate cancer recommendations from the prevention and early diagnosis working group of the Spanish Society of Medical Oncology (SEOM)Pinto, Álvaro; Pérez Segura, PedroAuthor Information aMedical Oncology Department, University Hospital La Paz, IdiPAZ bMedical Oncology Department, University Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain Correspondence to Álvaro Pinto, MD, PhD, Medical Oncology Department, University Hospital La Paz, IdiPAZ, Paseo Castellana 261, 28046 Madrid, Spain Tel: +34 912 071 138; fax: +34 917 277 118; e-mail: [email protected] Received December 1, 2014 Accepted February 18, 2015 European Journal of Cancer Prevention: March 2016 - Volume 25 - Issue 2 - p 137-141 doi: 10.1097/CEJ.0000000000000149 Buy Metrics Abstract Prostate cancer is the most common neoplasm in men in western countries. The use of strategies for primary prevention and early diagnosis is a usual procedure, but there is considerable controversy on their benefits. Recent data from several remarkable studies have contributed more uncertainty toward this issue. We review the available evidence and suggest some general recommendations for prostate cancer primary prevention and screening. Copyright © 2016 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.