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Cancer incidence pattern in Cordoba, Argentina

Díaz, María del Pilara; Osella, Alberto R.e; Aballay, Laura R.a; Muñoz, Sonia E.b f; Lantieri, María J.b; Butinof, Marianac; Paz, Roberto Meyerd; Pou, Soniaa; Eynard, Aldo R.b f; La Vecchia, Carlog

European Journal of Cancer Prevention: August 2009 - Volume 18 - Issue 4 - p 259-266
doi: 10.1097/CEJ.0b013e3283152030
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Cancer is the second cause of death in Argentina; nevertheless the distribution of the cancer incidence rates throughout the country is unknown. This study was conducted to describe cancer incidence patterns in Córdoba Province. Incidence data were supplied by the Government Córdoba Cancer Registry. Demographic information (age, sex, and place of residence) and diagnosis, certified by a pathologist, about all incident cases from June 2003 to May 2005 by type and 5-year age groups were obtained. Comparison of the incidence rate of cancer in various counties was performed by using standardized incidence rates (SIR) per 100 000 inhabitants using the world standard population. Estimated SIRs were used to build up incidence maps. Two indicators were created: sex ratio and site-specific ratio. Mixed Poisson models were fitted. Taken as a whole for all counties, SIR was 121.42 and 141.57 for men and women, respectively. The most common sites in men were prostate (13.62), lung (10.12), colon (7.53), and bladder (7.03); in women were breast (22.51) and colon (3.31). The highest and lowest rates were in urban and rural areas, respectively. Cancer registry has a pivotal role in cancer control. Such information is the primary resource of information not only for epidemiological research on cancer determinants but also for planning and evaluating health services for the policies of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the disease.

aCátedra de Estadística y Bioestadística, Escuela de Nutrición

bIra. Cátedra de Biología Celular, Histología y Embriología e Instituto de Biología Celular

cCátedra de Epidemiología, Escuela de Nutrición, Facultad de Ciencias Médicas

dCátedra de Administración Rural, Departamento de Desarrollo Rural, Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Córdoba, Argentina

eLaboratorio di Epidemiologia e Biostatistica, IRCCS ‘Saverio de Bellis’, Castellana Grotte, Bari

fConsejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Argentina

gLaboratorio di Epidemiologia, Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche ‘Mario Negri’, Istituto di Statistica Medica e Biometria, University of Milan, Milan, Italy

Correspondence to Professor María del Pilar Díaz, PhD, Enrique Barros esq. Enfermera Gordillo, Ciudad Universitaria, CP 5000, Córdoba, Argentina

Tel/fax: +54 351 4334027; e-mail: pdiaz@fcm.unc.edu.ar

Received 1 July 2008 Accepted 16 August 2008

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.