Research papers: Skin CancerProspective trial on a school-based skin cancer prevention projectQuéreux, Gaellea; Nguyen, Jean-Michelb; Volteau, Christellec; Dréno, BrigitteaAuthor Information aUnit of Skin Cancer, Nantes University Hospital, INSERM 892 bBiostatistics Unit-PIMESP cClinical Research Department, Nantes University Hospital, Nantes, France Correspondence to Brigitte Dréno, MD, PhD, INSERM 892, Unit of Skin Cancer, Nantes University Hospital, 1 Pl. A. Ricordeau, 44093 NANTES Cedex 1, France Tel: +33 240 083 118; fax: +33 240 083 117; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Received 17 April 2008 Accepted 31 July 2008 European Journal of Cancer Prevention: April 2009 - Volume 18 - Issue 2 - p 133-144 doi: 10.1097/CEJ.0b013e32831362cc Buy Metrics Abstract The objective of this study was to assess the impact of an educational programme on both children's knowledge and behaviour towards the sun. The study included 282 children aged between 8 and 11 years in their third year of primary school coming from 13 schools in the Nantes area (located in the west of France). It was a two-arm opened control trial, with group A in which the children were taught by their teacher about their skin and sun protection, according to the programme called ‘to live with the sun’ and a control group (B) in which the children did not receive any educational programme about sun protection. Self-administrated questionnaires at the baseline, posttest and follow-up were used to assess knowledge and behaviour of the students. The data were paired to follow the evolution of each child and a knowledge score and a sun protection habits score were calculated. At the baseline there was no significant difference in knowledge and sun protection habits scores between the two groups. Six months after the educational prevention programme we observed a knowledge score significantly higher in group A (mean: 7.66) compared with group B (mean: 6.77) (P<0.00001), but concerning the sun protection habits score there was no significant difference between the two groups. The programme had a beneficial effect on the children's knowledge persisting for at least a few months but had no impact on their behaviour towards the sun. © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.