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Assessment of Stress and Its Risk Factors Among Primary School Teachers in the Klang Valley, Malaysia

Samad, Nurul Izzah Abdul1; Hashim, Zailina1; Moin, Saidi2; Abdullah, Haslinda3

doi: 10.1097/01.ede.0000392452.76957.b9
Abstracts: ISEE 22nd Annual Conference, Seoul, Korea, 28 August–1 September 2010: Chemicals and Environmental Health Issues (eg, Endocrine Disruptors or Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals)

1Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 2Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; and 3Department of Social and Development Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, University Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia.

Abstracts published in Epidemiology have been reviewed by the societies at whose meetings the abstracts have been accepted for presentation. These abstracts have not undergone review by the Editorial Board of Epidemiology.


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This cross-sectional study determined the workplace stressors, stress levels, mental health status, and their influencing factors, among primary school teachers in the Klang Valley, Malaysia.

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In all, 9 primary schools in Klang Valley, which fulfill the inclusive criteria, were randomly selected from a list obtained from the Ministry of Education website. A total of 272 teachers from the selected school volunteered to participate in the study. A questionnaire was used to determine sociodemographic background, working information, and medical history. Teacher stress inventory was used to measure the stressor and stress levels, whereas General Health Questionnaire was used to measure the mental health status.

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Results showed that most of the teachers experience moderate stress level (71.7%) and only 12.1% had low mental health status. Student misbehavior was the main stressor in the school environment (mean = 2.62). Gender (P = 0.001) and workload (P = 0.002) showed a significant contributing factors toward mental health status.

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These primary school teachers experience stress mainly due to the student misbehavior and the mental well-being was influenced by the workload and gender. Women teachers with heavy workload had relationship with lower mental health status.

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