Abstracts: ISEE 21st Annual Conference, Dublin, Ireland, August 25–29, 2009: Symposium Abstracts
Background and Objective:
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease characterized by hyperglycemia and by glycosuria, resulting from disorders in the insulin secretion and/or in its action. The objective of the study was to estimate the prevalence of DM among the male police officers, working in the city of Teresina, Piauí state.
A cross-sectional study was carried out in a random sample of 562 male police officers aged 30–59, working in Teresina. The inquiry was carried out from December 2007 to March 2008. The selected individuals were interviewed, and the variables regarded identification, demographic data and health conditions, as well as capillary glucose.
Individuals who had capillary glucose results under 100mg/dl were considered normal, whereas those between 100–125 mg/dl underwent the glucose oral tolerance test, those between 126–199 mg/dl underwent plasmatic glucose and those who presented higher levels were considered diabetic and referred to medical assistance. Weight, height and abdominal circumference were measured. The results indicated 28 (5.8%) as being diabetics, from these, 17 (3.5%) cases were diagnosed by tracking and 11 (2.3%) with a previous diagnosis. The Decreased Glucose Tolerance was 8.0% in the group studied. The analysis of potential risk factors for DM showed a significant increase of the prevalence with age, and an inverse and significant association with education, while the other variables presented a positive association, with no statistical significance. In the logistic regression, only the variables age and education remained in the model, indicating that the likelihood of being diabetic increased 10% for each increase of 1 year of age, and it was 3.7 times higher in those who had less formal education.
The results support the implementing of preventive actions and measures in controlling the disease, aiming at preventing its appearance and complications.