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Life expectancy among Finnish men and women with doctorate degrees over the period 1971-2015

Martikainen, Pekka1–3; Jasilionis, Domantas3; Junna, Liina1; Tarkiainen, Lasse1

doi: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000001063
Research Letter: PDF Only

1 Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Finland

2 Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS), Stockholm University and Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

3 The Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Sources of financial support: PM is funded by the Academy of Finland

Due to data protection regulations of the national register-holders providing the data, we are not allowed to make the data available to third parties. Interested researchers may obtain data access by contacting the following register-holding public institutions: Statistics Finland ( Contact by email tutkijapalvelut(at), or by telephone +358 29 551 2220

The Social Insurance Institution of Finland ( Contact by email tietopyynnot(at), or by telephone +358 20 634 1364.

Acknowledgments: The authors give thanks to Vladimir M. Shkolnikov (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Germany) for useful insights on mortality in vanguard groups.

Corresponding author: Martikainen, Pekka. Mailing address: Population Research Unit, Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki P.O. Box 18, FIN-00014 University of Helsinki, Finland; Tel.: +358-9-191 23889; e-mail:

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