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Editorial Board


Editor-in-Chief

Prof. Dr. Sawsan Ibrahim Fahmy
Professor of Public Health, High Institute of Public Health (HIPH)


Executive Editor


Prof. Dr. Samia Ahmed Nossier
Professor of Maternal and Child Health, HIPH


Editorial Board

 

Prof. Dr. Fikrat Fouad El-Sahn
Professor of Nutrition, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Ibrahim Fahmy Kharboush
Professor of Maternal and Child Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Azza Ahmed Galal Farghaly
Professor of Tropical Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Hanan Shatat
Professor of Tropical Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Mona Hassan Hashish
Professor of Micrbiology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Heba Sayed Ahmed Selim
Professor of Micrbiology, HIPH

Dr. Rim Abd El-Hamid Hussein
Assistant Professor of Environmental Chemistry and Biology, HIPH

Dr. Hala Kadry Ibrahim
Assistant Professor of Public Health Nursing, HIPH

Dr. Iman Mohamed Helmy Wahdan
Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, HIPH

Dr. Moataza Abd El-Wahab
Assistant Professor of Biostatistics, HIPH

Dr. Nessrin Ahmed El-Nimer: Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, HIPH

Dr. Noha Saleh
Assistant Professor of Biostatistics, HIPH

Dr. Mayada Reda Moussa
Lecturer of Environmental Chemistry and Biology, HIPH

Dr. Zienab Shata: lecturer of Mental Health, HIPH


Reviewers


Biostatistics Specialty

Prof. Dr. Laila Nofal
Professor of Biostatistics, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Mona Hassan Ahmed
Professor of Biostatistics, HIPH

Dr. Moataza Abdel Wahab
Assistant Professor of Biostatistics, HIPH

Dr. Noha Saleh
Assistant Professor of Biostatistics, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Sameeha Mokhtar
Professor of Biostatistics, HIPH

Environmental Health Specialty

Prof. Dr. Aleya Hanafy Mahmoud
Professor of Environmental Chemistry and Biology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Magda Abd El-Atty
Professor of Environmental Chemistry and Biology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Manal Ahmed Mohamed
Professor of Environmental Chemistry and Biology, HIPH

Dr. Mayada Reda Moussa
Lecturer of Environmental Chemistry and Biology, HIPH

Dr. Rim Abd El-Hamid Hussein
Assistant Professor of Environmental Chemistry and Biology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Samia Galal Abd El-Hamid
Professor of Environmental Chemistry and Biology, HIPH

Epidemiology Specialty

Prof. Dr. Aida Aly Reda
Professor of Epidemiology, HIPH

Dr. Iman Mohamed Helmy Wahdan
Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, HIPH

Dr. Nessrin Ahmed El-Nimer
Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Zahira Metwally Gad
Professor of Epidemiology, HIPH


Health Administration and Behavioral Sciences Specialty

Prof. Dr. Ensaf Abd El-Gawwad
Professor of Health Education, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Hoda Zaki
Professor of Hospital Administration, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Mohamed Darwish El-Borgy
Professor of Health Education, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Mofida Kamal
Professor of Health Education, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Mostafa Nour El-Din
Professor of Health Administration, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Nagwa Abou El-Enein
Professor of Health Administration, HIPH

Dr. Rasha Ali Zaki Mosallam
Assistant Professor of Health Administration, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Wafaa Wahib Gurgis
Professor of Hospital Administration, HIPH

Family Health Specialty

Prof. Dr. Abla Ibrahim Ayoub
Professor of Geriatric Health, HIPH

Dr. Ashraf Abd El-Hamid
Assistant Professor of School Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Gihan Mohamed Mounir
Professor of School Health, HIPH

Dr. Hala Kadry Ibrahim
Assistant Professor of Public Health Nursing, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Hanan Mourad Abd El-Azziz
Professor of Maternal and Child Health, HIPH

Dr. Heba Mahmoud El-Kady
Assistant Professor of Geriatric Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Kamal Mohamed Naguib
Professor of Maternal and Child Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Ibrahim Fahmy Kharboush
Professor of Maternal and Child Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Kholoud Yehia Tayel
Professor of School Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Medhat Salah El-deen Atteya
Professor of Mental Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Mervat Wagdy Abu Nazel
Professor of Mental Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Mona Mohamed Mortada
Professor of Maternal and Child Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Nihad Ibrahim Dabbous
Professor of Maternal and Child Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Sawsan Ibrahim Fahmy
Professor of Public Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Samia Ahmed Nossier
Professor of Maternal and Child Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Soheir Bayoumi
Professor of Public Health Nursing HIPH

Dr. Zienab Shata
lecturer of Mental Health, HIPH

Microbiology Specialty

Prof. Dr. Ensaf Abd El-Gawwad
Professor of Health Education, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Aleya Abd El-Gawad
Professor of Microbiology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Heba Sayed Ahmed Selim
Professor of Microbiology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Hoda El-Shami
Professor of Microbiology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Laila El-attar
Professor of Microbiology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Medhat Saber Ashour
Professor of Microbiology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Mona Hassan Hashish
Professor of Microbiology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Nagwan El-Sayed Youssef
Professor of Microbiology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Osama Nasr Mahmoud Moustafa
Professor of Microbiology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Souraya Ali El-shazli
Professor of Microbiology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Wafaa Mohamed Bakr
Professor of Microbiology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Bahgat Youssef Guergius
Professor of Veterinary Medicine
Dept. of Microbiology
Animal Health Research Institute
Dokki, Giza-Alexandria Branch

Nutrition Specialty

Dr. Dalia Tayel
Assistant Professor of Nutrition, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Eglal Abd El-Salam Ghoneim
Professor of Food Hygiene, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Ezzat K. Amine
Professor of Nutrition, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Fikrat Fouad El-Sahn
Professor of Nutrition, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Hesham El-Derh
Professor of Food Hygiene, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Nawal El-Sayed
Professor of Nutrition, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Olfat Darwish
Professor of Nutrition, HIPH

Dr. Nesrine Kamal
Lecturer of Nutrition, HIPH

Occupational Health and Industrial Medicine Specialty

Prof. Dr. Hassan Othman
Professor of Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Mohamed Mouselhy
Professor of Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Ragaa El-Gazzar
Professor of Occupational Health and Air Pollution, HIPH

Tropical Health Specialty

Prof. Dr. Amal Abd El-Fattah El-Sahn
Professor of Tropical Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Amira Kotkat
Professor of Tropical Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Azza Ahmed Galal Farghaly
Professor of Tropical Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Bothayna El-deghedi
Professor of Tropical Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Hanan Shatat
Professor of Tropical Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Sanaa El-Masry
Professor of Tropical Health, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Manal Koura
Professor of Tropical Health, HIPH

Genetics Specialty

Prof. Dr. Hanan Mahrouse
Prof. of Genetics, Medical Research Institute
Alex University

Prof. Dr. Kamal Mohamed Naguib
Professor of Maternal and Child Health, HIPH



Public Health Dentistry

Prof. Dr. Hala Abbas Amer
Professor of Public Health Dentistry
Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University

Prof. Dr. Mona M. El-Kashlan
Professor of Public Health Dentistry
Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University

Prof. Dr. Nadia Azziz Wahba
Professor of Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health
Faculty of Dentistry, Alexandria University

Public Health Nursing Specialty

Prof. Dr. Soheir Bayoumi
Professor of Public Health Nursing, HIPH
Alex University

Prof. Dr. Zakeya Toma
Professor of Public Health Nursing
Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University

Dr. Hala Kadry Ibrahim
Assistant Professor of Public Health Nursing, HIPH



Medical Education Specialty

Prof. Dr. Maysa Abbas Amer
Professor of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine
Alexandria University


External Reviewers/International Advisory Panel


Prof. Dr. Galal Mohmed Othman
Professor of International Health
California University, USA

Prof. Dr. De Wolf Miller
Professor of Epidemiology
Dept. of Tropical Medicine and Microbiology, Hawaii University

Prof. Dr. Essam M. Enan
Professor of Chemistry
Vanderbilt University, USA

Prof. Dr. Ahmed El-Sayed Settin
Assistant Professor, College of Medicine
Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
Assistant Professor, Genetics unit
Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt

Prof. Dr. Moustafa Abdel Fattah Abolfotouh
Professor of Family and Community Medicine
King Saud Bin-Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences
Riyadh, KSA

Prof. Dr. Ahmed Mandil
Professor of Epidemiology
WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean
Professor of Epidemiology, HIPH

Prof. Dr. Hisham Saleh
consultant ENT Surgeon in Plymouth
Clinical Sub-Dean
Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry

Prof. Dr. Eman Youssef
Professor of Internal Medicine
Faculty of Medicine
Alexandria University, Egypt

Prof. Dr. Basil H. Aboul Enein
Dietetics Professor
San Jacinto College, Houston
Texas, USA

Prof. Dr. Faina Linkov
Professor of Epidemiology
University of Pittsburgh 15261
USA


 

Disclaimer Although every effort is made by the publisher and editorial board to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or statement appear in this journal, they wish to make it clear that the data and opinions appearing in the articles and advertisements herein are the responsibility of the contributor or advertiser concerned. Accordingly, the publisher, the editorial board and their respective employees accept no liability for the consequences of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or statement.


Drugs and drug dosages Readers are advised that new methods and techniques described involving drug usage should be followed only in conjunction with the drug manufacturer’s own published literature.