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Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

A Crime Against Humanity

doi: 10.1097/01.EEM.0000490532.93549.e6


    Thank you for featuring the article by Drs. Allison Richard and Carlo Reyes in EMN. (“The Last Stand for Sex Trafficking Victims,” 2016;38[6]:1;

    Human trafficking is a crime against humanity. “Red Flags for Identifying Human Trafficking Victims” and other teaching materials should be accessible in all of our emergency departments. Plans for the treatment of survivors should be part of hospital CME. I recommend coordinating training with your regional Homeland Security Investigations, Immigrations, the Department of Homeland Security, and subject matter experts and highly recommend this training to EM residency training programs.

    The American Osteopathic Academy of Addiction Medicine has featured speakers from Homeland Security Investigations, Immigration & Customs Enforcement, and the Department of Homeland Security at the past three American Osteopathic Association national conferences. Find more information on human trafficking and human smuggling at,, and

    Emergency physicians have become well trained in Tactical Emergency Medical Support (TEMS) and Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC). The next generation would benefit from tactical, operational, and strategic support to our colleagues in law enforcement. We all “serve and protect” humanity.

    William Bograkos, DO

    Bethesda, MD

    Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.