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Core curriculum in Emergency Medicine

De Robertis, E.*; Knape, J. T. A.; McAdoo, J.; Pagni, R.

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European Journal of Anaesthesiology: August 2008 - Volume 25 - Issue 8 - p 691-692
doi: 10.1017/S0265021508004420
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The authors of the Working Party on Emergency Medicine of the European Board of Anaesthesiology (European Union of Medical Specialists, EUMS/UEMS) want to thank Dr Raed and colleagues for their correspondence. However, we are afraid that Dr Raed and colleagues have misunderstood the intention of our paper. Our paper, in fact, describes the part of the core curriculum in Anaesthesiology dedicated to Emergency Medicine, as is desirable and as is required for any resident who is trained as an Anaesthesiologist in Europe.

In contrast to what Dr Raed and colleagues suggest, our paper does in no way promote exclusivity. Emergency Medicine in Europe is diverse, has different contents and different positions in different countries in association with varying organizations of medical care, varying geography and varying resources. With the exception of nine European Countries, Emergency Medicine is not an independent speciality in most European Member States.

The European Directive on recognition of professional qualifications (Directive 2005/36/CE of the European Parliament) does not identify Emergency Medicine as a primary medical speciality. The European Union requires that, to become a speciality it must be recognized in at least two-fifths of the Member States and at the same time, by a particular majority (a weighted vote that is determined by the population of each country and other factors and giving what is called a ‘qualified majority') in a committee on Qualification of the European Commission (not only for medical professions but generally also for all protected professions). Furthermore, to create a Specialist Section for Emergency Medicine within the UEMS, Emergency Medicine has to be recognized as an independent speciality by more than one-third of the EU Member States and must be registered in the official Journal of the European Commission (Medical Directives). All these requirements for a primary medical speciality are not fulfilled for Emergency Medicine.

The European Board of Anaesthesiology (and not the European Society of Anaesthesiology, which unfortunately was misquoted in the correspondence) has no ambition to be involved in the crusade of the European Society of Emergency Medicine to have Emergency Medicine recognized as a separate medical specialty.

Emergency Medicine has many definitions in many regions and countries in Europe. In our opinion it would definitely be preferable first to agree on the definitions of Emergency Medicine in Europe and then to agree on the competencies that are required to achieve high-quality care in Emergency Medicine throughout Europe. It is also important to identify general quality indicators for Emergency Medicine, applicable to all countries and health care systems.

It then remains to be seen whether the institution of Emergency Medicine as a separate medical specialty is the way to go to achieve the aforementioned goals. This may be the case for some countries in Europe, but not for others, depending on many factors.

Like for Intensive Care Medicine, the multidisciplinary input from various specialties is considered essential to achieve high-quality care in Emergency Medicine. This multidisciplinary input threatens to be lost by the institution of a separate specialty. We do agree with the authors of the correspondence: let us not forget the history of medicine. Too widespread a specialization in medicine has created barriers in the past, which have not served well for the quality of care for our patients. However, mutual stimulation, mutual respect, communication and cooperation are characteristics which we do have!

© 2008 European Society of Anaesthesiology