Background and goal of study: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an important lifesaving technique that an be taught to most people. The formal training of medical students is also important in order to perform CPR on patients as physicians. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance skills and to analyse the effectiveness of a resuscitation training programme on medical students.
Materials and methods: A CPR training programme was applied to 5th year medical students for five days according to guidelines of International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) . A questionnaire comprising 20 questions and a skill test including 30 items were carried out before and after the course. The results of pre- and post-course on the questionnaire and performance skills were compared according to their success evaluated by a total of 100 points. Statistical analyses were made with Student's t-test. P < 0.05 was considered significant.
Results and discussion: This study took over ten months. One hundred and sixty five students were included to the study and all of them had been involved in a CPR lecture before. The results before starting the programme showed that the average score of the students was 6.55 ± 5.65 for the questionnaire and 31.87 ± 14.60 for the skill test. After they attended a CPR training programme, at the end of the course, these points increased to 53.75 ± 11.15 (t=−52.133, P<0.005) and 95.20 ± 4.73 (t=−53.656, P<0.0005), respectively.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that theoretical approach is not sufficient in educational programme of CPR. It must be supported by intensive practice on the manikin and must be adapted according to the recent concepts.
1 Handley AJ, Becker LB, Allen M, et al. Single rescuer adult basic life support. An advisory statement from the Basic Life Support Working Group of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR). Resuscitation
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Resuscitation and emergency medicine