Bedside sonography of the inferior vena cava has been demonstrated to be a reliable tool for assessing intravascular volume status. Subclavian vein (SCV) assessment was proposed as a reasonable adjunct for measuring the inferior vena cava.
We examined whether the preoperative diameter and collapsibility index of the SCV or the infraclavicular axillary vein could predict the incidence of hypotension after induction of general anaesthesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Prospective, observational study.
Tertiary university hospital.
Adults scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Sonographic evaluation of the SCV or the axillary vein (SCV-AV) before induction of anaesthesia.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES
The main outcome was the association between the SCV-AV measurements (diameter an collapsibility index) and intra-operative hypotension (IOH) after induction of anaesthesia.
Patients who developed IOH had a higher collapsibility index of the SCV-AV during spontaneous breathing (P = 0.009) and deep inspiration (P = 0.002). After adjusting for confounding variables, the collapsibility index of the SCV-AV during spontaneous breathing was not a significant predictor of a decrease in mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) after inducing anaesthesia (P = 0.127), whereas the collapsibility index of the SCV-AV during deep inspiration was a significant predictor (P < 0.001).
The collapsibility index of the SCV-AV during deep inspiration was a significant predictor of IOH occurrence and the percentage decrease in MAP after inducing anaesthesia. Further studies in patients with higher collapsibility index are needed to confirm our findings, before the collapsibility index of the SCV-AV can be recommended unequivocally for clinical use.
This trial was registered on 8 September 2017 at the Clinical Trial Registry of Korea (https://cris.nih.go.kr/cris/index.jsp; Identifier: KCT0001078KCT0002457), and the first patient was enrolled on 14 October 2017.