The objective of this study was to determine if landiolol, ultra short-acting β adrenoceptor antagonist, attenuates the prolongation of QT interval caused by electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).
Fifteen patients, scheduled to undergo ECT for the treatment of major depression disorder, were studied. In each patient, 2 sessions of ECT were picked up and randomly assigned to be administered with (treatment L) or without continuous infusion of landiolol (treatment C). Electroconvulsive therapy was administered under general anesthesia with propofol and suxamethonium. Raw electrocardiogram waves were obtained from anesthesia monitor and stored on a personal computer. Automated electrocardiogram analyzing software was used for the determination of QT interval.
The increase in corrected QT caused by suxamethonium was significantly smaller in treatment L (36.8 ± 14.5 ms for treatment C vs 17.9 ± 6.5 ms for treatment L; P < 0.001). The increase in corrected QT caused by ECT was also smaller in treatment L (72.3 ± 23.1 ms for treatment C vs 54.6 ± 17.9 ms for treatment L; P = 0.02).
The prolongation of QT interval caused by SUX and ECT was partially attenuated by landiolol.
From the *Department of Anesthesiology, Aichi Gakuin University School of Dentistry, Nagoya; and †Department of Anesthesiology, Aichi Medical University School of Medicine, Nagakute, Japan.
Received for publication November 19, 2008; accepted April 8, 2009.
Reprints: Yoshihiro Fujiwara, MD, Department of Anesthesiology, Aichi Medical University School of Medicine, 21 Karimata Yazako, Nagakute Aichi 480-1195, Japan (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
This work was carried out at Department of Anesthesiology, Aichi Medical University School of Medicine.
There was no funding received for this work from any of the following organizations: National Institute of Health; Wellcome Trust; Howard Hughes Medical Institute; and others.