Maintenance Electroconvulsive Therapy Combined With Long-Acting Risperidone in the Treatment of Resistant Bipolar Affective DisorderSengul, Cem MD; Kalkanc, Özgür MDı; Simsek, Deniz MD; Herken, Hasan MDThe Journal of ECT: December 2009 - Volume 25 - Issue 4 - p 282-283 doi: 10.1097/YCT.0b013e3181a2f84f Case Report Abstract Author Information Maintenance electroconvulsive therapy is used for refractory bipolar disorder. We present a middle-aged man with refractory bipolar disorder who was successfully treated with maintenance electroconvulsive therapy and long-acting risperidone. From the Department of Psychiatry, Pamukkale University School of Medicine, Denizli, Turkey. Received for publication January 16, 2009; accepted February 26, 2009. Reprints: Cem Sengul, MD, Doktorlar Caddesi No. 42, Denizli, Turkey (e-mail: email@example.com). © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.