Original ArticleA Questionnaire Survey of ECT Practice in University Hospitals and National Hospitals in JapanMotohashi, Nobutaka MD, PhD*; Awata, Shuichi MD, PhD†; Higuchi, Teruhiko MD, PhD‡Author Information From the *Section of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School; †Department of Psychiatry, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine; and ‡National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kohnodai Hospital, Tokyo, Japan Received for publication September 9, 2003; accepted October 17, 2003. Supported in part by a grant from the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, Japan. Reprints: Nobutaka Motohashi, MD, PhD, Associate Professor, Section of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School, 5-45 Yushima 1-Chome, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8519, Japan (e-mail: [email protected]). The Journal of ECT: March 2004 - Volume 20 - Issue 1 - p 21-23 Buy Abstract Abstract: Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is being performed in many hospitals in Japan, there is little information on its present practice. We surveyed ECT practice to improve the practice of ECT in Japan. A mail questionnaire survey of ECT practice was conducted between 1997 and 1999 in Japan. Of 84 university hospitals and 37 national hospitals, 86 respondents (71%) were obtained. ECT was performed in 56 hospitals (65%). Details of ECT practice were further surveyed in 46 hospitals. The number of patients per year receiving ECT varied according to hospitals from 0.5 to 120. Unmodified ECT was still used in two thirds of the hospitals. Modified ECT was mainly performed in an operating room. Unilateral ECT was seldom used. Japan is an under-developed country for ECT and the practice of ECT must be improved. © 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.