Original Article: PDF OnlyComputer Automated Versus Visually Determined Electroencephalographic and Electromyographic Seizure DurationSwartz, Conrad Melton Ph.D., M.D.*; Abrams, Richard M.D.†;; Rasmussen, Keith M.D.†; Pavel, John†; Zorumski, C. F. M.D.§; Srinivasaraghavan, J. M.D.†;Author Information *Department of Psychiatric Medicine, East Carolina University School of Medicine, Greenville, North Carolina; †;Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Health Sciences/The Chicago Medical School, North Chicago, Illinois; †Elektrika, Inc., Islip Terrace, New York; §Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.A. Convulsive Therapy: June 1994 - Volume 10 - Issue 2 - p 165-170 Buy Abstract Seizure durations were determined during electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) by a computer-automated procedure for interpreting electroencephalographic (EEG) and electromyographic (EMG) signals. These seizure durations were compared with durations determined by two experienced clinicians from simultaneous paper recordings of EEG and EMG and with independently recorded observations of cuffed-limb motor movements. The computer EEG seizure end point was programmed as the point where the moving average EEG voltage first fell below the pre-ECT value and remained there for at least 2 s. The computer EMG seizure end point was programmed as the point where the moving average EMG voltage first fell below 200 mV and remained there for at least 2 s. Close correspondence between seizure durations rated from EEG recordings and computer-automated EEG measurements demonstrated validity and high reliability of the computer procedure. Likewise, validity and reliability were demonstrated for motor seizure durations both computer-derived and interpreted from the paper EMG recording by their close correspondence with cuffed-limb motor seizure durations. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.