This study investigated the relationship between maternal contributions and oral and expressive language skills in young children with cochlear implants. Thirty-two mothers and their children were videotaped during free play and storybook interactions. Mothers' and children's quantitative (MLU, number of wordtypes) and mothers' qualitative (facilitative language techniques) linguistic input were analyzed. In general, results showed that qualitative and quantitative maternal involvement was positively related to children's language skills. Thus the performance of young implant users may vary in part because of their mothers' sense of involvement and self-efficacy, as well as the ways in which mothers interact with their children.